BI 110 Introduction to Biology (4)
A study of life as an evolving system and the way biologists investigate the various aspects of such a multidimensional, dynamic system. Particular emphasis is placed on the nature and function of man as such a system. Credit does not apply to the Natural Science majors.
BI 113 Environment Around Us (4)
This course examines the characteristics of communities, ecosystems, and landscapes, the ways in which they change with time, and the impact of human activities on those changes. Included will be the study of the science behind current issues such as resource management, pollution, and global climate change, etc. In this course students will be introduced to the basic principles of ecology and environmental science, investigate how these affect the Earth’s capacity to sustain life, and be able to apply these principles to understanding the environmental consequences of human activities.
BI 120 Principles of Biology I (4)
The primary goal of the course is to provide natural science majors with a sound basis in basic biological concepts that will serve them well in their academic track that lies ahead. It will cover the following topics: structure and function of macromolecules, cellular respiration, communication and cycle; photosynthesis; Mendelian genetics, inheritance, and DNA structure and function; and evolution, speciation, phylogenetics, and systmatics. To maximize success in this course, successful completion of high school biology and chemistry are recommended. There is a 3 hour laboratory.
BI 125 Modern Genetics (4)
The fundamentals of classical genetics and the basic principles of human genetics are presented for the non-science major. Genetic engineering in bacteria, domestic plants and animals, and in human medicine will be discussed with the ethical issues raised by this new technology. Credit does not apply to the Natural Science majors.
BI 129 Principles of Biology II (4)
This course is intended for students majoring in a natural science and is the continuation of Biology 120. The course deals mainly with the organismal and supra-organismal levels of biological organization. Evolution will be the unifying theme. The course will cover the following topics: origin of life, prokaryotic and eukaryotic diversity; plant evolution and diversity; fungi, invertebrate and vertebrate diversity and evolution; plant and animal form and function; circulation and gas exchange, homeostasis, reproduction and development, nervous system and special senses; and behavior, population and community ecology and conservation biology. There is a 3 hour laboratory. Prerequisite: BI120, grade of “C” or better or permission of instructor.
BI 195 Biological Science (4)
This course provides a basic understanding of biological concepts. It will cover cell function, plants, animals, genetics, gene technology, evolution and a description of the human body systems. Current issues in science will also be covered. The laboratory component will explore the scientific method and develop an understanding of how experimentation answers questions in biology.
BI 229 Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology (4)
This one-semester lecture and lab course will provide the essential knowledge required to understand human anatomy and various physiological processes. Major topics include cell structure and function, tissues, organ systems, homeostasis, and disease. The organ systems covered are: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive. Sport science majors may count this course toward the general education science requirement.
BI 235, 236 Human Anatomy and Physiology I,II (4,4)
A systematic approach to the structure and function of the human body. This two course sequence will cover the structure of the human body and a systems approach to the functions, homeostasic mechanisms, and the interrelationships of human organ systems. Sport Science majors may count these courses toward the general education science requirements. BI 235 must be taken first with grade of "C" or higher.
BI 250 Field Zoology (4)
Identification and ecological relationships of the fauna of Northwestern Ohio, and methods of designing research projects, collecting and analyzing data, to monitor these populations. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: BI 129 with grade of "C" or higher.
BI 270 Field Botany (4)
The study of plant communities and ecosystems in the field. Taxonomy, collection, and preservation for the College herbarium, and additional laboratory exercises using keys are included. Prerequisite: BI 129 with grade of "C" or higher. Offered in alternate years.
BI 320 Ecology (4)
Principles of ecology including the organization, interrelationships, and dynamics of populations, communities, and ecosystems. Local terrestrial and aquatic communities will be studied in the field and laboratory. Prerequisites: BI 129 with grade of "C" or higher. Offered in alternate years.
BI 338 Histology (4)
Examines the microscopic anatomy of major cell types and tissues of the human body. Their form and function will be examined as observed with slides of human and animal cells and tissues. Relationships of cell types and tissues structures to physiological functions will also be studied. Prerequisite: BI 129 with grade of "C" or higher. Offered in alternate years.
BI 350 Fisheries and Wildlife Management (4)
Foundational and applied aspects of the management of fisheries and wildlife are covered within this course. Application of ecological principles to fisheries and wildlife management, technical aspects of fisheries and wildlife management, and fisheries and wildlife legislation, organizations, and agencies are also covered. Prerequisite: BI 129 with grade of "C" or higher. Offered in spring of alternate years.
BI 357 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (4)
The phylogenetic relationships of vertebrates, living and extinct, as revealed by their morphology. Prerequisite: BI 129 with grade of "C" or higher. Offered in alternate years.
BI 358 Microbiology (4)
Morphology, physiology, genetics and taxonomy of microorganisms affecting humans and their environment. Culture methods and laboratory techniques for studying bacteria will be introduced. Prerequisites: BI 129, and CH 124 with grades of "C" or higher. Offered in alternate years.
BI 367 Vertebrate Physiology (4)
Physiology is the study of the physical and chemical processes underlying biological function. The focus of the course will be on the physiology of vertebrates, primarily mammals. Prerequisites — BI 357, Grade of “C” or better or permission of instructor. Offered alternate years.
BI 420 Restoration Ecology I (4)
An introduction to the new science of restoration ecology. The most recent research regarding the rebuilding of complete ecosystems will be reviewed and basic ecological restoration principles studied. Laboratories will include using applied research techniques at the Thoreau Wildlife Sanctuary located near Defiance College. Prerequisite or concurrent: BI 320 with a grade of "C" or higher. Offered in alternate years.
BI 421 Restoration Ecology II (4)
Advanced principles and techniques of restoring damaged or destroyed ecosystems will be studied. Emphasis will be placed upon the restoration of forest, and prairie ecosystems. Extensive field laboratory work will include hands on experience at three major ecological restoration sites within easy driving distance of the college campus. Prerequisite: BI 420 with a grade of "C" or higher. Offered in alternate years.
BI 422 Restoration Ecology III (4)
The principle area of study is aquatic ecosystem restoration and includes both freshwater and marine habitats. Efforts to restore the world’s oceans, lakes, rivers, and streams are discussed. Hydrology, especially as it relates to ground water sources, is also emphasized. Laboratories focus on experimentation that promotes critical thinking and solving problems related to aquatic habitat restoration. Offered alternate years, spring semester. Prerequisite: BI 420 with a grade of "C" or higher.
BI 431 Molecular Biology (4)
An in depth study of modern laboratory techniques used in recombinant DNA technology. Emphasis is placed on cloning strategies and nucleic acid detection schemes. Laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: Chemistry 234 (grade of “C” or better). Offered alternate years, spring semester.
BI 462 Immunology (4)
Study of the human immune system. Includes innate and adaptive immunity, vaccination and immunity, autoimmune disease, hypersensitivity, and immunodeficiency. Immunological laboratory methods and cell culture techniques will be introduced. Prerequisites: BI 129, and CH 124 with grades of "C" or higher. Offered in alternate years.
BI 480 Genetics (4)
Mechanisms of inheritance in bacteria, plants, and animals. Emphasis on genetic inheritance in man. The current DNÅ technology and the ethical concerns surrounding these methods will be discussed. Laboratory will introduce genetic crosses, mitosis and meiosis and current DNA techniques. Prerequisites: BI 120, BI 129, and CH 124. Offered in alternate years.
BI 481 Pathogenic Microbiology (4)
The etiology of human pathogens. Emphasis on bacterial and viral diseases, and host-parasite relationships. Laboratory methods for identifying and isolating pathogenic organisms will be introduced. Prerequisite: BI 358 Prerequisite: BI 129 with grade of "C" or higher. Offered in alternate years.
BI 490 Honors Anatomy and Physiology (1-3)
An advanced human anatomy and physiology course designed for upper level students who have demonstrated the ability and desire to learn these subjects in lower level classes. The course uses a number of excellent teaching modalities including human cadaver as the primary teaching instrument. Enrollment is limited to a maximum of four students and the final selection is based upon invitation by the course professor with final approval by the chairperson of the Division of Science and Mathematics. Prerequisites: BI 236 and the permission of the instructor. Course may be repeated for up to six credit hours.